Monday, December 17, 2012

Job/Task Analysis Example

I've read quite a few blogs and articles on Analysis, but rarely do I see examples. Continuing from last week, I'd like to go into a little more detail on the Analysis Phase of ADDIE, though it will still be abbreviated...


  1. The team to be trained has a lack of knowledge and skill in Analysis for instructional design.

Project Scope: Train a team to conduct Analysis to be used for instructional design.

Job Analysis

Outcome 1: Job Analysis
  • Standard: Majority of Analysis Team agrees the input is accurate and complete.
    Outcome 2: Task Analysis
    Outcome 3: Learner Analysis
    Outcome 4: Trainer Analysis

    Task Analysis
    • Outcome: Job Analysis
      • Task: Collect Extant Data
        • Prerequisite Knowledge and Skills:
          • Be able to identify credible sources.
          • Be able to search through documentation and locate information.
        • Required Materials
          • Computer with internet access and/or access to published research on the subject.
        • Standards
          • Accuracy: Extant data is from credible sources. Extant data is relevant to the subject.
          • Completeness: None
          • Time: None
        • Environment
          • Library or computer terminal with internet access.
          • No barriers to Job Aids.
        • Frequency compared to other tasks
          • Low Frequency: Three times per year or less.
        • Safety
          • N/A
      • Task: Interview Master Performers
      • Task: Interview Accomplished Performers
      • Task: Analyze collected data
      • Task: Conduct Review
      • Task: Complete Job Analysis

    Collecting this level of data for each task will require a greater deal of time. At the very, I try to get the conditions and standards for each task.

    The next step is to work with your Subject Matter Expert to remove any unnecessary tasks. With that complete you can determine which tasks should be best delivered via Job Aid, Information Delivery System (handout, email, pamplet, elearning, etc) or Instructor Led Training. For those tasks requiring training, you can now develop objectives. As I mentioned in my last blog, if you have enough time, you might consider doing a Content Analysis before moving on to Objectives. However, my experience is that time is limited, and the Content Analysis will likely need to wait until the Design Phase.

    Here is how I would handle the Objectives for the analysis thus far:


    Behavior: COMPLETE a Job Analysis
    Condition: Given a computer with internet access
    Standard: So that a majority of the Analysis team agrees the input is complete.

    Unit 1.0: Analysis
    TPO 1.1 Given a computer with internet access, the student will COMPLETE a Job Analysis so that a majority of the Analysis team agrees the input is accurate and complete.

    • EO 1.1.1 Given a computer with internet access, COLLECT Extant Data that is from credible sources and relevant to the subject.
    • EO 1.1.2 INTERVIEW Master Performers.
    • EO 1.1.3 INTERVIEW Accomplished Performers.
    • EO 1.1.4 ANALYZE collected data.
    • EO 1.1.5 CONDUCT Job Analysis review.
    • EO 1.1.6 COMPLETE Job Analysis

    TPO 1.2: Task Analysis
    TPO 1.3: Learner Analysis
    TPO 1.4: Trainer Analysis

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